Variables is where part of an sql string can be compiled in advance with placeholders in it, only the missing pieces are produced at run time and filled into placeholders. Variables is also the way to allow dynamic queries because the values of such variables are evaluated at run time.

Variable getters

To use variables, place a Clojure symbol inside any Walkable S-expression, which means in a pseudo column definition, an aggregator or an extra-condition constraint.

;; floor-plan
{:pseudo-columns {:person/age [:- 'current-year :person/yob]}}

with the above definition, the pseudo column :person/age will be the value of the variable current-year minus the true column :person/yob.

Of course, you must provide how that variable is computed:

;; also in floor-plan
{:variable-getters
    [{:key 'current-year
      :fn  (fn [env] 2019)}]}

That's a boring function that returns a hard-coded value (2019), but you can be more creative than I was. Do you remember the weird env hashmap we've injected when we build the parser? Such getter functions will be passed that env as its argument.

You can have as many variables in your expresions as you like, as long as you tell Walkable how to compute all of them:

;; also in floor-plan
{:variable-getters
    [{:key 'foo
      :fn  (fn [env] ...)}
     {:key 'bar
      :fn  (fn [env] ...)}
     ...]}

A variable's value can be cached throughout the request by the keyword :cached?:

;; floor-plan
{:variable-getters
    [{:key 'current-year
      :cached? true
      :fn  (fn [env] 2019)}]}

It's totally fine to use namespaced symbols for your variables:

{:pseudo-columns {:person/age [:- 'app/current-year :person/yob]}}

Variable getter graphs

Sometimes the computation of several variables share a step that you don't want to repeat. You can pack those variables inside a Plumbing graph.

(require '[plumbing.core :refer [fnk]])

;; floor-plan
{:variable-getter-graphs
  [{:graph {:x (fnk [env] ...)
            :y (fnk [env x] ...)
            :z (fnk [x y] ...)}]}

Please refer to Plumbing documentation for usage. Basically, for each keyword in the graph provided, you will have an equivalant variable (denoted as a Clojure symbol). For instance, for the above graph you'll get three variables 'x, 'y and 'z.

You can't use namespaced keywords in graphs. However, you can make the equivalent symbols share a namespace. Specify a string for it:

;; floor-plan
{:variable-getter-graphs
  [{:graph {:x (fnk [env] ...)
            :y (fnk [env x] ...)
            :z (fnk [x y] ...)}

    :namespace "foo"}]}

In this case, for the above graph you'll get three variables 'foo/x, 'foo/y and 'foo/z.

By default, all variables of the same graph will be computed once whenever at least one of them gets mentioned. This graph's behavior is called "eager evaluation". If the graph is big and computation is expressive, you may want it to be "lazy" which means only required variables get computed:

;; floor-plan
{:variable-getter-graphs
  [{:graph {... ...}
    :lazy? true}]}

However, lazy evaluation is not available in Clojurescript version of plumbing.

Just like normal variable getters, each variable getter graph can be cached with the :cached? keyword:

;; floor-plan
{:variable-getter-graphs
  [{:graph {... ...}
    :cached? true}]}

As you can see, the value for :variable-getter-graphs is a vector. You can have as many such graphs as you please:

;; floor-plan
{:variable-getter-graphs
  [{:graph {... ...}
    :lazy? true
    :cached? true}
   {:graph {... ...}
    :lazy? true}
   {:graph {... ...}
    :cached? true}
   ...]}

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